World Elephant Day: Every year, thousands of elephants are killed in India – by electrocution, accidents with trains or human-animal conflicts. The scenario is not very different across the world. World Elephant Day is celebrated on August 12 every year to raise awareness of their plight, the need to protect them, and the steps that can be taken to ensure their survival.
Read also | Flood alert for Delhi! Yamuna’s level is approaching the “danger” mark
Elephants are facing an existential crisis, from the illegal ivory trade to increasing conflict with humans over habitats. On the occasion of World Elephant Day, 2022, FE online looks at the history and significance of the occasion and some facts about these majestic creatures.
WORLD ELEPHANT DAY HISTORY
World Elephant Day was co-founded by Patricia Sims, a Canadian filmmaker, with the Elephant Reintroduction Foundation of Thailand, an initiative of Queen Sirikit. The very first celebration was observed on August 12, 2012. Since then, the day has been celebrated every year.
MEANING OF WORLD ELEPHANT DAY
World Elephant Day plays an important role in raising awareness of the issues plaguing the existence of these gentle animals across the globe. Elephants face multiple threats to their existence – from poaching and illegal wildlife trade to habitat destruction.
Animal rights activists call for creating a sustainable environment for animals where they can thrive.
MESSAGE FROM PM MODI ON WORLD ELEPHANT DAY 2022
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the occasion called for a pledge to protect elephants. He tweeted: “On #WorldElephantDay, reiterating our commitment to protecting the elephant. You would be glad to know that India is home to around 60% of all Asian elephants. The number of elephant reserves has increased over the of the last 8 years. I also congratulate all those who are involved in the protection of elephants.
Read also | Good news! Modi gov’t scraps airfare limit, flyers may soon get cheaper tickets
He wrote in another tweet: “Elephant conservation successes should be seen in the context of broader efforts underway in India to minimize human-animal conflict and integrate local communities and their traditional wisdom in promoting conservation. environmental awareness.
— There are three species of elephants: the African forest, the African savannah (bush) and the Asian. Animals can be differentiated by their ears and trunks. African elephants are larger. Their ears are also larger and shaped like Africa.
– About 4.15 lakh of African elephants are still in the wild, according to the World Wildlife Fund.
— Asian elephants have experienced a 50% decline in population over the past 75 years. Their numbers now range between 20,000 and 40,000 in the wild.
— Elephants can live up to 60-70 years in the wild.
— Animals are highly intelligent creatures, similar to monkeys and dolphins, and are able to show emotions such as empathy, grief, and compassion.